fpva

Celebración de la asamblea general anual de la FPVA 2016

Los días 18, 19 y 20 de noviembre recién pasado se dieron cita en Rio de Janeiro Brasil, la delegación de la Federación de los Partidos Verdes de las Américas para celebrar su XVII Asamblea General Anual, asistiendo los representantes de Partidos Verdes de Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Estados Unidos, Guatemala, México, Perú y República Dominicana.

La apertura estuvo a cargo de Carlos Ramón González (Colombia)  Co-Presidente Ejecutivo, Fabiano Carnevale (Brasil) Co-Presidente y Leonardo Alvarez (México) Co-Presidente.

La bienvenida al evento la dieron los altos representantes del anfitrión Partido Verde de Brasil: José Luiz Penna/Presidente Nacional del Partido; Carla Piranda/Secretaria Nacional de Organización del Partido y Fabiano Carnevale/Presidente del Partido de la ciudad de Rio de Janeiro y Secretario de Relaciones Internacionales.

Durante el Seminario de la reunión abierta se tuvo la oportunidad de contar con la participación del Ex candidato presidencial Eduardo Jorge, quien  durante su campaña tuvo mucha repercusión en las redes sociales, especialmente con la juventud. También hubo exposición de un representante del Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, de la Fundación Verde Herbert Daniel y el tema Mujeres en la Política a cargo de Julia Duppré de la Secretaria de la Mujer de la FPVA.

En la segunda parte del programa se escuchó el informe de país de cada partido donde expresaron la situación política, social y ambiental que se vive así como la acción de los partidos verdes.

La tercera y última parte del evento consistió en la reunión privada para delegados oficiales, donde se discutió el tema del IV Congreso de Los Verdes Globales a celebrarse en marzo/abril del 2017 en Liverpool. Para el punto de las membresías destacó la incorporación a la familia de la FPVA del Partido Verde de Argentina con su presidenta Dra. Silvia Vásquez y se dará acompañamiento a los partidos verdes emergentes de Panamá, Trinidad y Tobago, Ecuador y Uruguay para incorporarlos a la Federación.

Al final la XVII Asamblea de la FPVA emitió las resoluciones siguientes: a) Solicitud de cierre total y definitivo de la mina Veladero ubicada en la provincia de San Juan en Argentina; b) Condena y censura a la acción depredadora y extractivista de la mayor riqueza biológica en la amazonia boliviana en las áreas protegidas del Madidi y Pilon Lajas. c) Solicitud al gobierno canadiense a ejercer un mayor control y supervisión sobre sus empresas mineras que trabajan en América Latina. d) Condena por el asesinato del dirigente ambiental y del Partido Verde colombiano Erley Monroy Fierro. E) Respaldo incondicional al nuevo acuerdo de paz firmado entre el gobierno del presidente Santos y la guerrilla de las FARC en Colombia. F) Denuncia del megaproyecto extractivista denominado Arco Minero del Orinoco, en Venezuela.

Al cierre se eligió a México para la Asamblea 2017.

/Matilde Baján

Project coordinator at CEMAT; Centro Mesoamericano de Estudios sobre Tecnología Apropiada 

climate-change

Climate financing as Gender equality catalyst[1]

Relations between climate change and gender equality are more and more in the focus. A lot (but not nearly enough) has already been said about disproportional effects that climate change have on women, who constitute the majority of the population already affected by climate change or being under the direct threat. Worldwide, women have less access to opportunities such as change of job, to travel, own land, participate in legal/political/social processes and decision making, etc. All this lower women’s access and possibilities to equally (if at all) participate in local and global processes of fighting climate change.

I would like to believe that we do not have to open the debate why gender perspective should be taken into account when talking about climate change. If not for the all above mentioned, women account for about 50% of the population and we can’t ignore half of the target group.

However tireless efforts of the civil society, activists and politicians succeeded in bringing to light gender perspective in climate change discussions, education, and decision making. Hereby we will take a short look into climate financing and its gender perspectives.

First of all it has to be clear that making climate finance gender sensitive did not happen just like that. We should rather see it as big victory for outspoken climate feminists. Two basic perspectives on which this framework is based on are: true sustainability can not be achieved without gender perspective, and gender equality can not be achieved unless integrated at the very beginning of the process and in every aspect of the process.

Speaking about concrete funds[2], for example, already in 2011 Kyoto protocol Adaptation fund and Global Environmental Facility (GEF) had certain gender mainstreaming references. These were important steps but there was still a lot to be done. In 2014 for example only 18% of the projects under the GEF Climate mitigation work addressed gender.

The Green climate fund is the first multilateral fund to include gender equality in all layers of its work. For example gender equality as regards boards or staff is not only applicable to the fund’s own structure but to all stakeholders’ as well. All implementers of the project need to prove gender mainstreamed portfolio, proving that gender equality is not only a project requirement for one small part of their act, but organically embedded in the stakeholders’ principles of operation. This affects multinational banks, development funds, consulting agencies and other institutions that were of course not the biggest fans of #WomenOnBoards alike initiatives. Needless to say that when it came to final beneficiaries, projects needed to prove a sustainable contribution to gender equality and an improved position of women.

It is worth mentioning that climate funds’ gendered regulations work in favor for small to medium enterprises, as they are more likely to be owned by women or at least have better gender balance records then big multinational consortiums. Thus we see that gender regulations boost diversification of involved actors as well as make climate action more rooted to the local level.

Climate funds are contributing to gender equality a great deal. Though we need to safeguard achieved regulations and make them mandatory for other funds as well. Civil society, women organizations, etc. must be involved in monitoring and evaluation processes and ensure that work done through climate funds complement and amplify our struggles for women rights in other fields as well.

/Vesna Jusup

Works with member relations at the European Green Party secretariat 

Former project leader at Cooperation and Development Network of Eastern Europe

 

[1] *This text was inspired and fueled by Liane Schalatek, Associate director at Heinrich Boell Foundation North America office, who tirelessly pushes for gender issues to be in the agenda of Climate discussions and close to the heart of the Climate financing

[2] Schalatek, Nakhooda: Gender and Climate Finance, Overseas development institute, 2016  https://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/odi-assets/publications-opinion-files/9321.pdf